The US 2018 Farm Bill had allowed commercial hemp production. The next move of cannabis supporters is to get thought leaders, local politicians, and the citizens to promote hemp growing in their neighborhoods around America. But what are the critical differences between cannabis and hemp?
Commercial hemp cultivation would benefit both growers and business people. Hemp is affordable and competitive. A Forbes article expects the national hemp market to increase to more than $10 billion in 2025. Everything from vehicles to drugs will be reinvented by hemp.
Marijuana vs. Hemp
While these words are used, interchangeably, hemp, marijuana, and cannabis are similar, although they are not the same. Cannabis comes with two classifications, which are Sativa and Indica. Marijuana and hemp are under cannabis Sativa. Since they originate from Sativa, they have certain similarities. Nevertheless, their biological composition triggers numerous, essential, and general genetic differences. But hemp isn’t marijuana.
Most cannabis Sativa varieties are taller with thick, slender stems. They will reach heights of 20 feet. They are also usually grown outside. Generally, the term hemp and organic hemp apply to roots, stalks, fabrics, or seeds cultivated for industrial and commercial use. Marijuana refers to the cannabis flowering leaves and tops that provide a head and body buzz.
Many individuals and even some researchers assume that hemp is male cannabis. When carefully examined, you could see the fundamental structural differences. Hemp has concentrated skinny leaves atop the plant. Hemp grows thinner and taller than marijuana and has a couple of branches below the top.
Marijuana has thick buds, broad leaves, a short, bushy appearance. The goal, when growing cannabis, is to develop and harvest flowers and leaves. THC fills the small, crowded female plants. If marijuana was raised in a hemp farm, then the hemp pollen will immediately damage the marijuana plant, diluting the psychoactivity of marijuana. Alternatively, marijuana pollen could increase hemp crop THC levels, which will make it go over legal standards.
When we go deeper into the two plants’ biology, each has its chemical composition. Hemp and marijuana’s chemical composition are drastically different, precisely THC or tetrahydrocannabinol. THC is a compound that induces the adverse effects of marijuana. Marijuana will produce up to 5-20 percent THC.
Premium marijuana, which is grown at each stage using JEWEL, may have higher levels of 25 to 30% THC. Hemp has a peak THC rate of 0.3%, which makes it challenging to get intoxicated or psychoactive. Hemp also has strong cannabidiol content, which acts against THC, leaving THC’s results useless. Plants of Cannabis Sativa have higher concentrations of CBD metabolites, without any mind-altering effect.
CBD vs. Hemp
CBD may be harmless alone, but it may interfere with other drugs that are also processed in the liver. If it’s used to promote sleep, that it may help. However, the patient may become resistant and likely to have increased sleep problems if discontinued. CBD use, especially for children, is still new, some people are unfamiliar with infant dosing, so it would be challenging to know the right quantity to provide your child. Clinical doses vs. what a coffeehouse would consider may vary dramatically.
The status of CBD and cannabis products appears uncertain. Hemp extract CBD is constitutionally legal, whereas marijuana-derived CBD is subject to legal classification is federally illegal. Products containing CBD, even if they are extracted from safe, industrial cannabis, cannot assert therapeutic benefits or sold as dietary supplements until licensed for use by the FDA.